Muthiya is a traditional healthy Gujarati(western India) snack made with different kind of flours, vegetables and spices. The dumplings are steamed and then quickly pan fried in a tempering of sesame & mustard seeds, curry leaves and lemon juice. The balance of flavors is impeccable- sweet, spicy, tangy, yum! These irrestible, soft and crispy savory bites are good for breakfast or any time snack.
My recipe uses oat flour and chickpea flour skipping the wheat flour(which is traditionally used).The recipe is vegan and gluten free. "Mutthi" or a making a fist how the dumplings are shaped traditionally and that's why the name. You can make fistfuls or make oval shape dumplings of dough or make long rolls and slice them(that what I find easiest to do).
Oat flour & besan dough studded with vegetables - I like to use grated lauki(opo squash) & loads of spinach and with a kick from fresh ground green chillies and ginger, these dumplings are super flavorful.
A few things to keep in mind when you make muthiya:-
- Don't make a very dry or a very soft dough. Since we are adding grated lauki, due to salt, the juices will be released and that's majorly enough to bind the dough once you start squishing. Add a tablespoon or two of water if needed or you can use a dollop of yogurt as well (gives it a very good taste).
- You can substitute lauki(opo squash) with zucchini or finely grated cabbage. Instead of spinach you can add methi (fenugreek) leaves or a combo of leafy greens.
- Don't make a very large batch. In my opinion, as compared to dhokla, these don't store that well after getting pan fried, make a small batch and consume right away or same day. However, the steamed muthiya can be sliced and frozen. I make them a night before many times and temper when I am about to serve!
- I like to grind my own oats and not grind them super fine. The texture of the muthiya is great that way. I find that using store bought oat flour makes them a bit sticky. You can substitute oats with wheat flour as well if you wish.
- You can steam the muthiya in Instant pot as well. Find the recipe here which explains the IP method well.
Oats Spinach Muthiya (Vegan & Glutenfree)
For the Muthiya
- ½ cup ground oats (dont super fine)
- ½ cup besan(chickpea flour)
- ¾ cup finely chopped spinach
- ½ cup grated lauki (opo squash)
- 1 teaspoon cumin powder
- Pinch of ajwain seeds
- 2 tablespoon ginger green chilli paste ,simply pound 1.5 inch knob of ginger and green chilies in mortar pestle
- 2 teaspoon coriander powder
- ¼ teaspoon tumeric powder
- ½ teaspoon red chilli powder
- 2 teaspoon sugar
- 1-2 tablespoon fresh lemon juice
- ¼ teaspoon baking soda
- 3 tablespoon oil
- Salt to tatse
- water or yogurt (if needed)
- 3 tablespoon oil
- 1 teaspoon black mustad seeds
- 1 dried red chilli
- 2 teaspoon white sesame seeds
- 6-8 curry leaves
- Sugar, Lemon Juice, Cilantro, Grated coconut(optional)
- Brush a little oil on the base of your steamer basket or dish. Set up your steamer arrangement by filling it with water and keep it ready to go.
- In a large bowl, add all the ingredients listed under "Muthiya" except water. Gently start squishing everything to combine. The lauki and spinach will start releasing their juices and you would be able to almost bring the dough together. If needed, add a tablespon of water at a time to form a firm yet soft dough. You can use yogurt in place of water as well. Dont knead the dough too much. Once a ball is formed, dough is ready.
- Cover the dough with a cloth and rest it for 10 minutes. Meanwhile start your steamer so that the water is boiling when you are ready to steam.
- Divide the rested dough into two portions. Shape the dough into thick logs.
- Place the logs in the steamer. Make sure that the water is boiling when you place the logs. Steam for 18-20 minutes until a skewer when inserted in the middle comes out clean.
- Switch off the stove and let sit covered to continue cooking in residual steam. After about 10-12 minutes when the logs are cool to touch, using a sharp knife, slice the logs into small portions. Use knife in a saw manner so as to not squish when you slice.
- In a wide pan, add the oil for tempering. Crackle dried chilli, mustard and sesame seeds. Add the curry leaves, they will splutter. Place the sliced muthiya in a single layer in the tempering. Let pan fry for 3 minutes. Flip and repeat on the other side.
- Once the muthiya are pan fried lightly, switch off the stove. Sprinke sugar, lemon juice and chopped cilantro. Add the grated coconut if using.Serve immendiately!